Darlingtonia is a rare carnivorous perennial that is protected by the Washington Convention.
Under natural conditions, this plant is almost impossible to see. Darlingtonia only feels good in the vicinity of running cold water.
- Botanical description
- How is insect catching?
- Temperature regime
- Humidity and watering
- Top dressing
- By dividing
- Useful video
- Diseases and pests
- Photo gallery
This plant belongs to the Sarracene family and is the only representative of the genus, which, with its appearance, both surprises and attracts the eye. The Russian name for this species is Californian Darlingtonia, which is explained by the area of its growth. In nature, the flower lives in some places in the American states - Northern California and Southern Oregon, choosing forest shade, mountain-dammed meadows and the banks of mountain cold rivers.
In appearance, Darlingtonia resembles a cobra that has opened its hood, therefore, for the location and shape of the leaves and flower, it is also called the cobra lily.
The leaves of the plant can grow up to 1 m in length, which gives this flower such an amazing look.
During the active period of growth, small flowers appear of a pale brown or red shade, up to 6 cm in diameter. They sit on long pedicels and, against the background of leaves, practically do not attract the attention of a potential victim.
On top of the trap leaves is a water lily, similar to a helmet and turned to the outside of the leaf rosette. Since the plant contains almost no chlorophyll in some places, it appears to be translucent, transmitting light. This was conceived for a reason - insects are attracted by sunlight, which they see through specks (windows) and fly in or crawl into the hole located on the water lily in the form of an outgrowth. In this case, the water lily is directed upward or inclined slightly downward.
In the photo, the only representative of the genus is Californian Darlingtonia (Darlingtonia californica):
Darlingtonia needs more than just water and minerals as nutritioncoming from the ground, but also insects with small animals (frogs, mice).
It is very difficult to grow darlingtonia at home, since it is demanding on care, which only experienced flower growers can handle.
How is insect catching?
On the trap leaves, opened in the form of a cobra's hood, there are special glands that secrete fragrant juice. It attracts insects with its smell, and they climb into the trap, but they cannot get out. From above, the leaves are covered with small hairs, along which it will be easier for the victim to climb into the water lily.
Falling inside the trap the victim slides into the jug and can no longer get out of there, since along the entire length of the stem from the inside there are sharp villi looking down.
In the photo you can see how the Californian Darlingtonia hunts:
After that, the process of digesting food starts, thanks to which Darlingtonia receives the nutrients it needs.
When growing darlingtonia at home, it is important to remember that its root system must be in a moist and cold substrate at all times.
Californian Darlingtonia can be grown both indoors and in the garden, located near the reservoir. She feels good both in bright, but diffused light, and in partial shade... There are 3 varieties of this plant, which differ among themselves in the color of the leaves - green, red and green-red. At the same time, a beautiful red shade of foliage can be acquired only in conditions of bright sunlight.
If the air in the room is very dry, then place the flower pot in partial shade. In a warm room with high humidity, the plant feels good in the sun.
In the daytime, the plant needs warmth, while at night it needs a decrease in temperature. In summer, the optimal condition for keeping is a temperature of 18-20 ° C, and in winter, during the dormant period, the flower must be kept cool - 10-18 ° C.
Humidity and watering
In the warm season, watering darlingtonia should be abundant.using cold water. You also need to spray the predator plant as often as possible.
In a too hot room, it is recommended to put pieces of ice on the surface of the substrate, which will help cool the soil and flower roots. In winter, the leaves cannot be sprayed and watering is required in moderation.
For irrigation, use lime-free water. To do this, it must be frozen, defended, or you can use distilled water.
Like all carnivores, Californian Darlingtonia in the cold season necessarily requires a period of rest. At this time, within 3-5 months, the growth of the plant stops, so the flower needs a minimum amount of light and moisture.
At the very beginning of spring, an adult darlingtonia blooms, and after a few weeks, young trap leaves appear, quickly reaching the required length.
He receives all the nutrients necessary for the flower thanks to the soil and the sacrifice, which falls on its own or it can be thrown into trap jugs that have a cumulative effect.
At the end of the digestion process, the plant extracts nutrients, which are additional feeding, while the flower takes the main substances from the soil.
Californian Darlingtonia is sensitive to the presence of magnesium and potassium. In order not to harm the plant, it is not recommended to use mineral fertilizing. A suitable potting soil is sufficient.
Darlingtonia do not need frequent transplants, so they can be done Once every 3 years and even less often... The next container must be larger than the previous one. Moreover, it should not be deep, but wide, so that the root system has enough room for normal growth.
In order for Californian Darlingtonia to grow well, it needs to provide suitable living conditions, similar to natural ones. To do this, at the bottom of a wide pot, it is required to lay perlite or expanded clay with a layer of 3-5 cm, which contributes to better air and water exchange.
Next, you need to put a layer of sphagnum, 1 cm thick. A soil substrate is poured over the moss, consisting of peat, perlite and clean sand, taken in equal quantities. The final layer should again be sphagnum, which will maintain the necessary moisture and coolness of the soil.
When the Californian Darlingtonia has bloomed, fruits filled with seeds are formed on it. They are collected and placed in a flat box or box, on top of fertile soil.
You don't need to cover the seeds with anythingas they require bright light to germinate. It is quite difficult to grow a plant from seeds, since it is very rarely possible to achieve their germination.
Reproduction of darlingtonia by dividing the bush is much easier. This procedure is carried out during the spring transplant. To do this, a small shoot with a part of the root is separated from an adult flower. So that the place of division does not rot, it must be sprinkled with charcoal.
Darlingtonia is a genus of insectivorous plants of the Sarracenia family, reproduction and care at home:
Diseases and pests
Californian Darlingtonia is rarely attacked by pests, but if this nevertheless happened, then it is forbidden to fight them with the help of pesticides, as this can lead to the death of the plant. You can replace chemicals with herbal poisons.
The main diseases of darlingtonia are as follows:
- Root rot. It is observed when the irrigation regime is violated and the air temperature is too low in the summer, during the period of active growth.
- At the plant, the tips of the leaves turn brown and dry. The reason for this manifestation will be low air humidity and high temperature. It will be possible to improve the condition of the flower only when the correct conditions of detention are restored.
- Fungus. If the water in the pot stagnates as a result of poor drainage, fungal mildew can be seen on the surface of the soil. As a rule, it occurs when the air temperature is too low and the soil moisture is high. So that the flower does not die, you need to put it in a warmer room, replace the upper, affected, soil layer with a new one, and also, normalize watering.
Californian Darlingtonia is an interesting, exotic plant that attracts the attention of all people with its unusual appearance... It has a special effect on people who have never met such a flower before. Even in spite of all the hassle that is required when growing Darlingtonia, it is worth it for the plant to delight people with its original appearance.