Recently, this cute flower has become more and more popular. On Zen I saw several articles about calibrachoa, from which I concluded that our growers are only discovering this miracle. Therefore, the idea arose to write about the "calibrachka", based on my experience of growing it.
8 years ago I became the happy owner of the first three cuttings of this, then still rare, flower. Fortunately, there was no limit! Indeed, even among my colleagues - producers of flower seedlings, not everyone had calibrachoa in their assortment. It is now, thanks to the efforts of breeders, its seeds have appeared on sale, however, only a few colors. And at that time, a caliber could only be obtained by a handle.
Over the years, my collection of calibrachoa has grown significantly, as has the experience with it. I want to say right away: do not believe those who say that calibrachoa is unpretentious and problem-free. Not! This is a rather capricious flower. You can go to work in the morning, admiring the beautiful pots with calibres, and in the evening find it completely faded. And this is not from a lack of watering, this is fusarium, to which calibrachoa is very susceptible. Moreover, this can happen at any age of the plant. It is useless to fight fusarium wilting, therefore, the main thing here is prevention: you need to exclude prolonged high humidity, do not overfeed with fertilizers, plant in loose, well-drained soil, do not overdry.
Another important point in the relationship with calibrachoa. Not all of its varieties (and there are a lot of them) are capable of growing long shoots. Some grow in a neat hat, others just as neatly fall outside the pots, and still others grow tirelessly. Based on these characteristics of the varieties, you need to select a pot: someone needs 5 liters, while someone needs at least 10 liters. This ratio is very important to observe in order for the caliber to show itself in all its glory.
I will tell you about the features of Calibrachoa varieties in the following articles. If interested, subscribe to the channel and follow the publications.
The best and most spectacular varieties of Calibrachoa are propagated exclusively by cuttings. Cuttings take root quite easily, you can draw in September and leave to winter in the apartment, providing them with coolness and lighting.
I have also tried growing from store-bought seeds. Did not like. They are very tight and take a long time to develop. And the colors are the most common, there are such in any variety series, so it's better for me to draw a line. By the way, cuttings of calibrachoa require obligatory pinching at the seedling stage, perhaps even repeated ones.
Previously, it was believed that calibrachoa is a species of petunia, but, as it turned out, scientists have proven that these are two different plants that have certain "related" ties. It must be assumed that these connections are rather close.
Calibrachoa is very cold resistant. Even after the first frosts, it continues to bloom, not so luxuriantly, of course, but at this time very few people bloom at all.
Yes, there are certainly some difficulties in growing calibrachoa. But, if you do everything right, then this beauty will certainly thank you with lush flowering.
And I will be glad if you liked the article and was useful, I will understand this by the number of likes. I'm waiting for you on my channelFlower farm.
Where did the flower come from and what is remarkable
Calibrachoa is a perennial flowering plant belonging to the nightshade family. His homeland is the countries of South America: Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina.
Calibrachoa flowers are simple in shape and resemble bells. In nature, they have a purple color, but thanks to the work of breeders, the following colors were bred:
- orange and others.
Very often in stores, calibrachoa can be found under names such as surfiniya or ampelous petunia. Due to the external similarities between Calibrahoa and Petunia, it is difficult for inexperienced gardeners to distinguish them from each other.
In order not to make a mistake with the purchase, you should pay attention to several differences, which are presented in the table:
Types and varieties with photos
There are many species of Calibrachoa, but thanks to selection, there are even more of them.
In appearance, flowers are:
A simple flower is endowed with the shape of a bell, is hollow inside and has a core usually of a yellow hue. The petals can be solid or multi-colored, sometimes they have a pattern in the form of stripes or spots.
A double flower consists of 2-3 rows of petals and has no cavity. This flower shape is found in many varietal series and is designated as Double.
This species series is the most extensive and includes four categories of varieties - Classic, Double, Kona, Nani. The bushes reach a height of 35 cm and a width of 45 cm. The flowers are large and the flowering is long.
The most interesting varieties of the series include:
- Classic Midnight Purple.
- Classic Pink Cart Wheel.
- Double Citric.
- Double Pink.
- Kona Mango.
- Kona Midnight Blue.
- Nani White.
This species series includes 12 positions. The height of the bushes usually does not exceed 25 cm, and the width varies from 25 to 30 cm.The plant has abundant flowering even with a short daylight hours and branches strongly, so if it is not cut off, the branches can grow up to one meter in length.
Popular varieties of this series:
- Bright Red.
- Dark Rose.
- Light Pink.
- Dark Blue.
Plants of this species series grow no more than 20 cm in height, have a dense spherical shape and are distinguished by early flowering. It will not be difficult to take care of them, since they do not need additional lighting and growth regulators. Thanks to their compact size, they thrive in pots.
Calibrachoa Calipetite comes in seven different shades, among which a special place is occupied by:
- Pink Vein.
Representatives of this series bloom for a long time and violently. On strongly branching shoots, bright and large buds are formed, which grow up to 3 cm in diameter. Calibrachoa Calita perfectly tolerates hot climates and is undemanding to care for.
The Calita series includes more than 30 different varieties with both simple flowers and double flowers. Some of them:
- Vanilla Rose Star.
- Double Pink.
- Special Blue Star.
- Yellow Red Morn.
Representatives of the series have excellent endurance and are able to bloom continuously even in adverse conditions. The height of the bush usually does not exceed 30 cm.
The series includes about ten varieties:
- Rosies Apricote.
- Rosies Blue.
- Dark yellow
- Sunshine Impr.
Calibrachoa Celebration reaches a height of 20-30 cm, has good branching and gorgeous flowers. Plants in this series are semi-amulets and are ideal for growing in pots.
The series includes seven varieties, which include:
- Lemon Ice.
- Neon Rose.
- Trailing Illusion.
Plants have a standard height of up to 35 cm and an ideal semi-ampelous shape. The flowering is lush and long lasting. Flowers have a unique color that can change throughout the season.
The series includes nine varieties, each of which is extremely popular:
- Sunshine Berry.
- Plum Cobbler.
- Double Pink Yellow.
- Blueberry Scone.
The series includes 8 species, which are compact in size and are suitable for growing in small pots. The width of the plant varies from 20 to 30 cm, and the height does not exceed 20 cm.
Calibrachoa Colibri blooms very early and blooms profusely even under short daylight conditions. In addition, it does not lose its decorative effect for a long time.
The most popular varieties:
- Cherry Lace.
Calibrachoa Hula is an excellent ampelous plant that blooms profusely until late autumn. Flowers have interesting colors, so they have a special appeal.
Popular varieties of the series:
- Soft Pink.
Representatives of this group were among the first to enter the Russian market and immediately won the love of flower growers. The bushes are compact and do not exceed 35 cm in diameter.
Popular varieties in the series include:
- Deep Pink.
- Deep Blue.
Representatives of this species series grow up to 40 cm in height and form dense spherical bushes, therefore they are suitable for growing in large hanging flowerpots. They are distinguished by a variety of colors and long flowering.
- Cherry Blossum.
- Honey White.
- Mega Pink.
- Terracotta Eye.
- Real Red.
The height of the plants does not exceed 25 cm, and the close arrangement of the leaves makes the bush dense. The species are distinguished by large buds and rich flowering even in low light.
The demanded varieties of the series:
Combines several types with double flowers and various colors. Plants are characterized by early flowering and tolerate weather changes well.
Some species representatives:
- Compact Double Pink.
- Compact Double Rose.
- Compact Double White.
- Double Purple Red.
Calibrachoa Neo is a medium-sized plant with large buds that forms neat shrubs. Flowers require minimal maintenance.
There are about fifteen varieties in the series, but they have a special charm:
- Salmon Pink + Eye.
- Light Blue.
- Orange + Red Eye.
- Apricot Red Splash.
Representatives of this series grow no more than 20 cm in height and have a semi-ample appearance. But their main feature is their high resistance to disease and temperature changes.
The color variety includes about thirty variations. Popular varieties:
- Ultra Purple.
- Red Wine.
Calibrachoa Rave is a plant of medium height and semi-ample appearance, highly resistant to changing weather conditions. This is the only species series that has a star pattern on flowers.
There are only five varieties in the series:
Representatives of this series are distinguished by their unpretentious care, resistance to disease and drought. Strongly branching shoots need pruning, otherwise they can grow up to one meter in length.
The most popular varieties include:
- Banana Chocolate.
- Double Ruby.
- Pomegranate Punch.
- Lemon Slice.
Calibrachoa Sweetbells blooms in small flowers that do not close in cloudy weather. Plants love sunny places and do not tolerate stagnant moisture.
The varieties have many colors, among which the honorable place is occupied by:
- Burgundy Black Eye.
- Double Pearl.
- Gold Peach.
- Double Pink.
In addition to the listed species series, there are other, less numerous, but no less popular varieties of calibrachoa. These include:
Calibrachoa conga coral kiss
Calibrachoa Volcano Sunset
Calibrachoa Crave Strawberry Star
Calibrachoa Bloomtastic Rose Quartz
In addition, many hybrid varieties are being bred. Most often, representatives of petunias and calibrachoa serve as genetic material for them. Such species are usually called pethoa.
How to propagate by cuttings
Propagation by cuttings is an easier method that allows you to get a plant with qualities that are identical to the mother. You can carry out the procedures at the end of spring or summer. This requires:
- Select the top healthy shoots on the mother bush and cut them off with a sharp blade.
- The stalk should have 3-4 knots and at least 6 leaves, and its length should be about 7 cm.
- The lower leaves must be completely removed.
- To accelerate the formation of the root system, it is better to place the cuttings in a container with a root former.
- After the roots appear, you need to plant the seedlings in a container with nutritious soil.
- After 2 months, the seedlings will be ready for planting in open ground.
1. Choice of cuttings. 2. Removing the lower leaves. 3. Landing in a container with soil
Features of growing and care
When growing a plant on a site, it is worth remembering some of the nuances:
- A flower is planted only when the air outside has warmed up to +23 ° C and the threat of frost has passed.
- The landing site should be sunny, especially during the morning hours. The southeast side is best suited for this.
- The flower must be protected from drafts and strong winds.
Calibrachoa is an ampelous plant with cascading long shoots, so it is preferable to grow it in hanging pots, balcony boxes or floor vases. To do this, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- One plant needs 2-3 kg of soil, which should be loose, slightly acidic or neutral.
- It is necessary to protect the plant from the wind and the scorching sun. To do this, it is worth bringing the flower into the room at lunchtime.
In addition, there are general rules of care, which are presented in the table:
Growing and caring for calibrachoa is not difficult and very interesting. With the right approach, the plant will delight the owner with its lush flowering all summer long and will fully justify its second name "Million Bells".